What You Need to Know About Colon Cancer in Singapore

Colon cancer, also known as colorectal cancer (colon and rectal cancer combined) or bowel cancer, originates in the colon or rectum, which are parts of the large intestine. The colon is responsible for absorbing water and nutrients from digested food, while the rectum stores faeces before it is expelled from the body. Colon cancer typically begins as small, benign growths called polyps that form on the inner lining of the colon. Over time, some of these polyps may become cancerous and develop into tumours.

According to the Singapore Cancer Registry’s Annual Report released in 2015, not only is colorectal cancer (colon and rectal cancer) the most common cancer in Singapore, it also tends to be diagnosed in its later stages, with about one-third of cases diagnosed at Stage III and another one-quarter at Stage IV, for both males and females.

This statistic is unfortunate because colon cancer, unlike many other cancers, is actually easily preventable, as well as detectable and treatable in its early stages.

What Causes Colon Cancer?

The precise cause of colon cancer is not completely understood, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. Risk factors for colon cancer include age (most cases occur in individuals over 50), a family history of colon cancer, inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, a diet high in red and processed meats, obesity, smoking, and excessive alcohol consumption.

Colon cancer occurs when a polyp in the colon was not detected and removed early on, and sometimes turns cancerous over time.

This is why our colon cancer clinic recommends regular screenings (usually a colonoscopy) - to allow abnormal growths like polyps to be identified and removed on the spot.

Second Opinion for
Colorectal Cancer Treatment

There are a lot of different factors to be considered in deciding the optimal treatment for colorectal cancer.

These includes age, other pre-existing illness and general health, the location of the tumour (especially how close the tumour is to the anus muscles), the size of the tumour, any spread to other organs, and also the genetic make up of the cancer cells.

Please have a detailed discussion with your doctor before embarking on the treatment.

For more information, call us at +65 6737 2778

piles symptoms

Symptoms of Colon Cancer

Early-stage colon cancer often lack symptoms, which highlights the importance of timely and regular screenings. In the advanced stages, signs and symptoms commonly include altered bowel habits, rectal bleeding, abdominal discomfort, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, anemia, and narrowed stools.

types of piles

Types of Colorectal Cancer Treatment

There are several treatments available at a colorectal cancer clinic in Singapore. This includes open surgery, laparoscopic surgery, single port incision surgery, and robotic surgery. Each technique has unique pros and cons to be considered when determining the right treatment for colon cancer.

treatment options for piles

Screening for Colon Cancer

Screening can detect pre-cancerous or early-stage colorectal cancer, which allows for early detection and medical intervention for optimal outcomes. The preferred form of colon cancer screening is a colonoscopy; while others include barium enema, CT colonography, as well as carcino-embryonic antigen and stool occult blood test.

surgical risks for piles

Risk Factors

Risk factors for colon cancer include age (most cases occur in people over 50), family history, personal history of colon cancer, colon polyps, or inflammatory bowel disease, certain genetic mutations, an unhealthy diet, obesity, smoking, heavy alcohol consumption, and type 2 diabetes.

post surgery care for piles

Post-surgery Care

Post-surgery care for colon cancer is vital for a fuller and quicker recovery. Close monitoring, pain medications, and antibiotics are provided. Normal activities can normally resume within 6-8 weeks. In some cases, a temporary colostomy may be needed for bowel healing.

Our Colon Cancer Clinic’s Expertise

  • Experienced Colon Surgeon
  • Over 15 Years’ Experience in Colon Cancer Surgery
  • Advanced, Minimally Invasive Procedures
  • Proven Track Record in Patient Safety
  • Detailed & Timely Follow Ups

Our clinic is on the insurance panels of Great Eastern, AIA and NTUC Income, so patients can benefit from more affordable care. We also accept most policies from other insurers.

Great Eastern Insurance Logo
Aia Singapore Pte Ltd Insurance Logo
Income Insurance Logo